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Red Spruce

Red Spruce

Red Spruce

(Eastern Spruce, Yellow Spruce)           

Picea Rubens

A tall, common, native evergreen of New Brunswick that can live to 400 years. Attractive, yellowish-green needles and reddish-brown twigs. It is the tallest tree in eastern Canada and the provincial tree of Nova Scotia. An important timber tree in the forestry industry used to make many building products. Provides food and shelter for local wildlife. Can hybridize with Black Spruce.

Additional information

Foliage

Evergreen, Coniferous

Locale

Native to New Brunswick, Native to North America

Height

Large (60-100ft)

Width

Narrow

Form

Conical

Growth Rate

Moderate

Longevity

Long (over 100 years)

Hardiness Zones *

3, 4, 5

Sun Exposure

Full Sun (over 6 hrs), Mostly Shade (slow growth), Partial Sun (4 to 6 hrs)

Soil Preferences *

Moist, Slightly Acidic, Well Draining

Soil Tolerances

Slightly Alkaline

Ornamental Interest

Form

Wildlife Value

Birds (fruits/seeds), Small Mammals (fruits/seeds)

Human Value

Carpentry (wood)

Seed Collection

Personally in NB

Planting Considerations

Intolerant of Drought, Prone to Wind Damage

*Useful Links

Hardiness Zones – Canada’s Hardiness Zones

Soil Preferences – Multi-Purpose Soil Tester