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White Oak

White Oak

White Oak

Quercus Alba

A wide spreading, long lived majestic shade tree native to central and eastern North America suited to parks and large gardens. Attractive foliage emerging pink in spring, maturing into dark-green, lobed leaves before putting on a display of red in fall. Acorns provide valuable food for local wildlife. Trees have both male and female flowers on the same tree and are wind pollinated but set seed better when more than one tree is present. Can produce hybrid seeds if planted near other oak species from white oak group. Roots resent disturbance from construction and compaction. Prune in late winter or early spring to avoid attracting insects to sap that may transmit pathogens.

Additional information




Native to North America


Large (60-100ft)




Broad, Round

Growth Rate



Long (over 100 years)

Hardiness Zones *

3, 4, 5

Sun Exposure

Full Sun (over 6 hrs)

Soil Preferences *

Moist, Slightly Acidic, Well Draining

Soil Tolerances


Other Tolerances

Occasional Drought

Ornamental Interest

Leaves (colour), Leaves (shape)

Wildlife Value

Bees (flowers), Birds (fruits/seeds), Butterfly Larvae (leaves), Large Mammals (fruits/seeds), Small Mammals (fruits/seeds)

Human Value

Carpentry (wood), Fuel (wood)

Seed Collection

Ordered Online

Planting Considerations

Intolerant of Alkaline Soil, Intolerant of Soil Compaction, Messy Seed Litter

*Useful Links

Hardiness Zones – Canada’s Hardiness Zones

Soil Preferences РMulti-Purpose Soil Tester